Was Ist Das Paris Agreement
The agreement includes agreements from all countries to reduce emissions and work to adapt to the impacts of climate change and calls for the stringency of agreements in a timely manner. L`accord provides a pathway for developed nations to assist developing nations in their climate mitigation and adaptation efforts while creating a framework for the transparent monitoring and reporting of countries` climate goals. The outcome of COP21, the Paris Agreement, was hailed by many concerned states and NGOs as a success, even a historic breakthrough, especially in industrialized countries. In fact, it came out more than many expected (expectations were already very low). But with a little time, the initial euphoria gives way to a more sober vision to which ASTM wishes to contribute. In this regard, we attach particular importance to the voices of global networks and civil society organizations in the South. Our collaborator Dietmar Mikros said: “The Paris Agreement is first and foremost a diplomatic masterpiece. We have managed to give almost all social groups the feeling of being involved and perceiving their concerns, especially in the preamble. The spontaneous positions taken by many environmental organizations in industrialized countries have also been generally positive. Here are some headlines: “Paris Agreement indicates global change in dirty energy” – CAN-Europe “Turning towards a new era in global climate and energy policy” – Germanwatch Greenpeace International reacts with a comment from its Director General Kumi Naidoo: “.. The Paris Agreement is just one step on a long road, and there are parties that frustrate and disappoint me, but it is progress. As an ASTM and coordinator of Climate Alliance Luxembourg, we expressly welcome the mention of human rights, the rights of indigenous peoples and the indigenous cosmology of “Mother Earth”, the importance of educational work and the role of municipalities, among other actors, in the preamble.
It legitimizes and motivates our future work in Luxembourg, in Europe and with our partners in the South. But we also don`t turn a blind eye to the potential dangers of the agreement. The Paris Agreement that took place on the 12. 12.2015 in Paris 195 states agreed on this agreement on climate protection, which will later be binding under international law, is in itself a success. The biggest advantage of the agreement is that, in addition to the 2°C target, it is now also stated that increased efforts should be made to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C. An old demand from almost all developing countries and a large part of global civil society has therefore found its place in the treaty. It is also important and positive, particularly from the perspective of developing countries, that “loss and damage” (in Article 8) appears as a separate point (and not as a sub-item of “adaptation”). These are losses and damages to which we can no longer adapt (for example, the slow disappearance of an island). To this end, the so-called “Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage” needs to be further strengthened in order to organize financial assistance, among other things. Saleemul Huq, director of the International Centre for Climate Change and Development at the Independent University of Bangladesh, said representatives of the least developed countries in particular saw it as a major breakthrough in Paris.
But if we look at the comments of many Third World NGOs, the weak points of the agreement suddenly become much clearer: the disappearance of historical responsibility The fact that all countries – whether industrialized or developing – have now submitted voluntary national reduction plans has taken away from view their various historical responsibilities. .